Sleep plays an important role in good health. Getting a good night’s sleep strengthens your body and helps you stay awake during the day. If you can’t get enough sleep then you are suffering from insomnia.
Unfortunately, many people find it difficult to get enough sleep and do not get the rest they need. Insomnia is linked to anxiety. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor health and mental health. Sleep problems affect people of all ages and their effects can be devastating.
It is a disorder characterized by poor sleep hygiene and/or sleep deprivation.
The condition can be short-term (severe) or long-term (chronic). It may also come and go. It lasts from 1 night to weeks. Sleep deprivation for at least 3 nights a week for 3 months or more is chronic.
In the United States, 70% of adults report at least one night of sleep deprivation each month, and 11% report overnight sleep deprivation. It is estimated that between 50 and 70 million Americans of all ages and socioeconomic statuses are affected by sleep disorders.
About 1 in 4 Americans suffer from this each year. Summary: About 25 percent of Americans experience severe sleeplessness each year, but about 75 percent of those people experience chronic insomnia, according to a new study.
Types of Insomnia
There are 2 types of it: Primary and Secondary.
Primary: This means that your sleep problems are not related to a health condition or any other problem.
Secondary: This means that you have trouble sleeping because of a health condition(Such as depression, asthma, heartburn, arthritis, or cancer) pain medication, or the use of substances such as alcohol.
You might also hear about Sleep-onset, Sleep-Maintenance, Mixed, Paradoxical Insomnia.
Symptoms may include:
- Irritability, depression, or anxiety
- Difficulty paying attention, focusing on tasks, or remembering
- Daytime tiredness or sleepiness
- Not feeling well-rested after a night’s sleep
- Difficulty falling asleep at night
- Ongoing worries about sleep
Causes of Insomnia:
The top causes of insomnia include:
- Everything around you like noise, light, or temperature.
- Job loss or change, Stress associated with major life events, such as the death of a loved one or divorce.
- Your genes. Research shows that families are more likely to suffer from insomnia.
- Change your sleep schedule like a jet lag. Bad habits you pick up when you have a new job or other sleep problems at work.
Other causes of insomnia include:
- Pain or discomfort at night.
- Bleeding with PMS(PreMenstrual Syndrome)
- ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
- Health problems such as anxiety and depression.
- Alzheimer’s disease and other types of depression.
- Caffeine in addition to smoking or drinking, illegal drug use.
- Other sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome.
- Medications for depression, allergies, colds, asthma, and high blood pressure.
Insomnia Risk Factors:
This is more common in women than men. Middle-aged and young African Americans are also at greater risk.
Other risk factors include:
- Chronic illness
- Mental health problems
- Work night shifts or shifts that rotate.
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